Prof. George Haller
Professor, Institute for Mechanical Systems, ETH Zürich
Material barriers to diffusive and stochastic transport
Wednesday, April 24, 2019, 12:00pm to 1:00pm | Room 31-270
Observations of tracer transport in fluids generally reveal highly complex patterns shaped by an intricate network of transport barriers. The elements of this network appear to be universal for small diffusivities, independent of the tracer and its initial distribution. In this talk, I will first review prior, purely advective approaches to transport barrier detection. Next, I will discuss a mathematical theory to predict diffusive transport barriers and enhancers solely from the flow velocity, without reliance on expensive diffusive or stochastic simulations. This theory yields a simplified computational scheme for diffusive transport problems, such as the estimation of salinity redistribution for climate studies and the forecasting of oil spill spreads on the ocean surface. I will illustrate the results on turbulence simulations and observational ocean velocity data.